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Water is everywhere around us, for example, almost 70% (H. H. Mitchell “The chemical composition (…) biochemistry of growth”) of the human body is made up of water, and almost 71% (reference) of the earth’s surface is covered by it. Maybe the universal nature of water makes drinking enough not a priority for many people. However, forgetting to drink water is not the biggest cause of dehydration. Number/percentage people worldwide do not have access to clean and safe drinking water (in close proximity to their homes). One of the goals of this project is to make safe drinking water more available worldwide. Now, I hear you thinking “Why is keeping hydrated so important?”. Well to function properly, the human body needs water. Below some ins and outs about the health benefits of drinking enough water:
- Water lubricates the joints Cartilage “pop-up” Cartilage can be found in joints and the disks of the spine “pop-up”, contains approximately 80% (reference) water. Long-term dehydration can diminish the joints’ shock-absorbing ability, resulting in joint pain.
- Water forms saliva and mucus Saliva is the first component in the digestion of food, and it keeps the various organs moist “pop-up” Saliva keeps, for example, the mouth, nose, and eyes moist. This prevents friction and damage. “pop-up”. Drinking water is also a good way to keep the mouth clean. Besides, water can prevent tooth decay (if consumed instead of sweetened drinks).
- Water delivers oxygen throughout the human body Human blood is more than 90% (reference) water. This blood transports oxygen throughout the body.
- Water boosts skin health and beauty Dehydration can cause the skin to become more susceptible to skin disorders and premature wrinkling. (reference)
- Water cushions the brain, spinal cord, and other sensitive tissues Dehydration can affect brain structure and function. Long-term dehydration can lead to problems with thinking and reasoning. (reference)
- Water regulates body temperature As the body heats up, water that is stored in the middle layers of the skin comes to the skin’s surface and evaporates to cool the body. (reference) Scientists propose that too little water in the body can lead to more heat storage during exercise, while having a lot of water in the body may reduce physical strain. (reference)
- Water is crucial for the digestive system Water is essential for a proper bowel function. Dehydration can lead to problems varying from constipation to an overly acidic stomach (?) “pop-up” An overly acidic stomach increases the change of heartburn and stomach ulcers. “pop-up”
- Water flushes body waste Water is required for sweating, and the removal of urine and faeces. The body is able to get rid of toxins through these mechanisms. (reference)
- Water helps maintain blood pressure Too little water in the body can cause blood thickening, which leads to increased blood pressure. (reference)
- Water is crucial for the lungs Dehydration can lead to restriction of the airways in an effort to minimise water loss. Especially, for people with asthma or allergies, this can have a big impact. (reference)
- Water makes nutrients accessible Nutrients are dissolved in water, to make them easily accessible throughout the whole body.
- Water prevents kidney damage Water is essential for proper kidney function. Too little water can lead to kidney stones as well as other problems. (reference)
- Water boosts performance during exercise Scientists have suggested that consuming more water might improve performance during strenuous activity. Dehydration mainly has an effect on performances in activities longer than 30 minutes. (reference)
- Water can aid in losing weight The exact role of water in losing weight is still under debate. However, drinking water instead of sweetened beverages definitely aids in losing weight.
- Adult humans are 60-70% water. (H. H. Mitchell “The chemical composition (…) biochemistry of growth”)
- Water plays a key role in your body.
- People around the world don’t anonymously agree upon the quantity of water for daily consumption   o   Some recommend 1.5 – 2 L per day (reference)   o   Others recommended to drink as much as you feel is necessary (reference)
- Drinking water instead of soda (or other sugary drinks) can aid in losing weight